Skipping forward a little bit in time to 1621, The Anatomy of Melancholy by Robert Burton recommended hemp for depression. The Oxford scholar’s work is influential and still popular.
1764’s The New English Dispensatory suggested hemp roots as a remedy for skin inflammation. Most importantly, hemp root is listed as a food most commonly ‘ordered to cool the mouth and stomach, and allay’; in respect to effects, it states ‘seldom has any farther effect, then giving a grateful sensation to those parts (which were before uneasy with heat and drought).
Later, in 1839, an Irish physician by the name of William Brooke O’Shaughnessy published his assertions that cannabis was an effective treatment for rheumatism, rabies, epilepsy, and tetanus.
The medicinal properties of cannabis became part of Western medicine in the mid-19 century when, cannabis strains from Egypt and India were imported by the French and British.
Between 1840 and 1940, English, Irish, French and North American physicians and pharmacists used various cannabis preparations for pain relief and other conditions including malaria, rheumatism, migraine headaches, gout and glaucoma both orally and topically.
Michael Moore a western herbalist, listed it in his Materia Medica stating the following as specific uses, marked irritation of the genital-urinary tract, frequent micturition, painful micturition with tenesmus, scalding urine, palpitation of the heart, with sharp stitching pain and menstrual headache with great nervous depression.